Periodontology means the treatment of periodontitis (tissues surrounding the tooth). The most common periodontal diseases are gingivitis (inflammation of the gums) and periodontitis (inflammation of the periodontal ligament and jawbone). Gingivitis can be easily treated by removing the underlying cause – soft plaque and tartar – using anti-inflammatory oral care. Untreated gingivitis gradually causes periodontitis. Periodontitis damages the tissues surrounding the tooth (ligament and bone), teeth start to loosen and fall out.
Periodontitis and gingivitis are both treated by removing plaque and tartar, and in this case they are removed together with the infected soft tissue also from the formed periodontal ‘pockets’ by performing deep curettage or periodontal surgery.